Raybould comparative law monop. s.3 '90

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The course will consider the social origins of educational ideals, significant historical contributions to educational philosophy, and various contemporary social concerns in American education. In the SEC staff's view, balance-sheet fluctuations can happen for legitimate reasons, and the important thing is disclosing them to investors when they are material. As the structure of both types of legal system, and also their underlying objectives, are different, this will influence the methods for comparison.

The Loneliness of the Comparative Lawyer and Other Essays in

John Henry Merryman

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Criticisms of the Gerschenkron Model: chiefly by Paul Gregory (an American historian): a) That Gerschenkron ignored regional variations, especially in non-Russian parts of the Empire: i) Gregory contends that rapid growth in the non-Russian parts of the Empire, comprising more than half, more than compensated for any losses in traditional Russia. ii) I provided some such information on Finland, the Baltic provinces (modern day Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania) and Poland. b) Even within Russia and Ukraine, Gerschenkron focused exclusively on what happened in traditional villages communes (the obshchina): i) he neglected to consider the significant progress achieved on estates of many gentry and aristocratic landlords, and also even those of prosperous 'kulak' peasants. ii) For large estates in Russia and Ukraine, landlords benefited there as did their counterparts in eastern Germany: in having their domain lands finally separated from peasant communal lands, allowing them now to enclose and then to engage in all aspect of modernized agriculture (convertible husbandry, multiple course crop rotations, chemical fertilizers, stream-powered machinery). iii) Furthermore, most peasants, responsible for 20% of the Emancipation costs, gained both freedom and some land only at the expense of surrendering parts of their land holdings, from 50% to even 75%, to landlords. iv) Thus peasant losses, while 13% overall in the Russian Empire, excluding Poland, the Baltic, and Finland, ranged from 23% in Ukraine to 41% in the rich Volga River Valley (Samara to Saratov). v) Landlords sought to reap such gains in those areas best suited to high productivity and export markets. vi) Indeed, Tsarist Russia, from the 1880s became one of the world's largest grain exporters, producing 70% of its export earnings, up to World War I. c) Gerschenkron called this: 'hunger exports', attributing these grain exports to high taxation and indeed expropriations: for which there is no proof, according to Gregory. i) while landlords gained much land from former serf peasants, ii) other less enterprising landlords, of the spendthrift aristocracy and gentry, ultimately sold 27% of their landlholdings to richer peasants (kulaks) and bourgeois merchants by 1914. d) Gerschenkron vastly exaggerated the plight of post-Emancipation Russian peasants: even within the obshchina system, and ignored evidence of their mobility and even prosperity. e) Gerschenkron had contended that productivity and thus rural incomes fell: i) for which Gregory supplies much contrary statistical evidence (and note that Gerschenkron provided very little such evidence. ii) I had presented earlier some seeming support from previous independent evidence: that suggested an increase in grain production of only 43%, while population grew by 117%, from 1860 to 1910). iii) But Paul Gregory's statistics show the exact opposite: in terms of 1913 gold rubles (real values), grain production grew by 124% from 1885 to 1911-13 (1,183 million rubles to 2,654 million rubles) v) personal consumption (all Russia) grew by129% (from6,661 million to 15,273 million rubles), while population, as noted, grew 117%. vi) Thus in per capital terms, consumption rose from about 61.33 rubles in 1890 to 95.04 rubles in 1913. i) viewed by Gerschenkron as another negative indicator of the plight of the peasantry, also contradicted by Gregory: ii) Gregory contends, instead, that rising agricultural and land prices provides an indication of both increased total factor productivity and of prosperity: i.e., an enhanced demand for land, especially from property owning free peasants and small estate owners g) Did the state promote and protect communal agriculture?: ii) but I presented arguments (based on scattered evidence and logical deduction) to the contrary: that the process of peasant emancipation, requiring the serfs to pay 20% of the costs, actually led to significant land transfers to landlords (as noted above), and ii) allowed landlords to separate their demesne lands from peasant communal lands: and thus to engage in enclosures and thereby to adopt convertible husbandry and other techniques of modernized agriculture iii) read the lecture notes in full on these issues.

Legal Linguistics

Marcus Galdia

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The first semester focuses on rats, mice, dogs, fish and non-human primates. They formulated their views by advocating translation ad verbum or translation ad sensum and, more recently, by defending or opposing the theory that a translation must read like an original text... Now, this is really an old hat, but there is something unique in the current paradigm shift, or transition from the mechanistic to the quantum mechanical paradigm.

Comparative Matters: The Renaissance of Comparative

Ran Hirschl

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What is the true function of comparative legal studies in these types of cases? Inspection of a map of bathymetry around Taiwan shows that the continental shelf turns noticeably westward offshore of southwestern Taiwan, and that southern Taiwan is situated off the continental shelf. The honest Kelly has, moreover, told us that in extremity of distress, Kemble once personated a Methodist preacher; the thing may have happened ---but from what we know of John Kemble's opinions on religious subjects, we are sure that those who listened to the exhortation must have departed improved in heart and understanding.

Peking University International and Comparative Law Review

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In its fullness, it is nothing less than the work of an entire lifetime, and Jane Gleeson-White did it all in three years. From early summer to autumn, a seasonal circulation often forms beneath the TWC. For example, one might describe the central case of constitutional government as being one that includes the rule of law, regular and fair elections, separation of powers, and an independent judiciary. This idea along with the thought of delinquents wanting to get away from family stress or school problems and isolate themselves into a life of crime and violence is also a hard criticism but one that is completely viable.

International Encyclopedia of Comparative Law

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A Common Legal Language in Europe? “It is not only an epistemological discussion: the work lays out some gems of substantive law in addition to, indeed often as examples of, its core discussion of how comparative study is best carried out…there are valuable contributions to the theory of comparative law…the reader will find very stimulating and valuable insights on the indispensable contribution of comparative law.” – Matthew Dyson, Cambridge Law Journal, Vol 66/1, March 2007 “the overall effect is to make the reader rethink his or her understanding of comparative law and, in particular, how he or she approaches this discipline.

Illicit Drug Policies, Trafficking, and Use the World Over

Caterina Gouvis Roman

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Accepting a degree of adjustment is one thing, but accepting European Codes, based predominantly on civilian concepts and legal science, is another. S. criminal cases affecting international relations, mutual assistance treaties, and issues concerning the formation of criminal justice systems in developing democracies. The text mining module covers the analysis of text including content extraction, string matching, clustering, classification, and recommendation systems. Many of the likely characteristics of the resulting changes in climate (such as more frequent heat waves, increases in rainfall, increase in frequency and intensity of many extreme climate events) can be identified.

Concerning human aspiration: Essays in comparative labor law

David Ziskind

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Another requisite nearly connected with the above is the formation of paths for walking, riding, or driving through the future plantations. It describes itself as "the only international organization dealing with the global rules of trade between nations. Occasionally, some explanations may be found in doctrinal legal writings, but until now this has been rather exceptional. The Bristol researchers studied the number of citations to 600 evolutionary biology papers published in 1998.

Constitution of the United Kingdom: A Contextual Analysis

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PAD 552 (CRJ 655) Crime, Criminal Justice and Public Policy (3) Analysis and evaluation of crime control policy and criminal justice. Common law countries has begun to use legislation somehow, Civil law countries are using case law as an interpretation. When the benefit that accompanies the harm-causing activity is public, by contrast, tort law adopts a strictly utilitarian approach and focuses exclusively on minimizing the cost of accidents and the cost of avoiding accidents as a total sum.

Terrorism and the Limitation of Rights: The ECHR and the US

Stefan Sottiaux

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Never before has a species intelligence but also so much destructive capability, pushed to work inwardly and to go through an evolutionary process. And if we experience other realities, such as historical or archetypal elements of the collective unconscious, these are seen as illusory experiences derived from the perceptions and memories of this world. The legislation on radiosterilization of medical supplies and food irradiation of 14 items has been approved by National Health Administration, R.